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Luftnachrichten Radar Stations

Facilities & Installations

The Luftwaffe intelligence service, the Luftnachrichtendienst, had a complex system for detecting and intercepting enemy bombers. The system employed an extensive a radar/electronics network set up in Germany and occupied areas. This article focuses on radar station examples in Germany, showing typical layouts and the evolution of facilities. A review of available imagery provided coverage of the following radar sites:

• Stellung DACHS-MITTE, Gernsheim, Germany
• Darmstadt-Griesheim Airfield, Germany
• Stellung STEINBOCK, Winzlar, Germany
• Stellung FLIEGE, Etingen, Germany
• Stellung HUMMER, Helgoland, Germany
• Stellung KUCKUCK, Berench, Germany
• Stellung RHEINSALM, Saerbeck, Germany
• Stellung GOLIATH, Kalbe an der Milde, Germany
• Stellung HAHN Melkof, Germany
• Stellung GROSSAU, Grosshau, Germany 2021)
• Stellung RICKE, Motzelbach, Germany
• Jägerleit Stellung MINERVA Stefansberg, Germany
• Jägerleit Stellung RUBE, Sassnitz, Germany
• Stellung WAL, Wangerooge, Germany

Other Countries

• Stellung TIGER Terschelling, Netherlands
• Jägerleit Stellung REMUS, France
• Stellung CHAMELEON, France
• Stellung MUCKE, France
• Stellung ‘WELS, France
The main components of the system were Flugmeldmess Stellung (radar stations) to locate enemy aircraft and Jägerleit Stellung for night-time of control responding fighters. Radar stations used a variety of systems including: intermediate search (Freya-type); long-range search (Mammut, Wasserman); and acquisition radars (Würzburg-Riese). A powerful panoramic search radar, the Jagdschloss, was introduced in1944.

Jägerleit stations used tower-mounted Heinrich Peiler and Hans E-Mess Gerät antennas to established the position (control) of friendly fighters through radio range measurement. Later, radars (Freya EGON) and towers were added at selected Jägerleit and radar stations, respectively.

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